When conservative treatment fails to improve hemorrhoid symptoms, surgery may be required. Surgery for hemorrhoids also may be recommended when a person has extremely painful hemorrhoids, hemorrhoids that bleed repeatedly, or prolapsed hemorrhoids. Shrinking and destroying of hemorrhoidal tissue can be accomplished by using chemicals, infrared light, rubber bands, and other methods.
An Overview of Hemorrhoid Surgery
For most people, hemorrhoids can be treated with conservative therapy that focuses on relieving symptoms and decreasing the pressure on the hemorrhoids by increasing fiber and fluids, along with modifying bowel habits (see Hemorrhoid Treatment).
However, in some cases, treatment may require a surgery or procedure. Some situations where hemorrhoid surgery may be recommended include:
- Hemorrhoids that bleed repeatedly
- Prolapsed hemorrhoids
- Thrombosed hemorrhoids
- Extremely painful hemorrhoids.
Four types of surgery are generally recommended to treat hemorrhoids. These options include:
- Rubber band ligation
- Infrared coagulation
These procedures are used to shrink and destroy the hemorrhoidal tissue. The doctor will perform the surgery during an office or hospital visit.
The following sections explain in detail the different types of hemorrhoid surgeries and the expected results.