Preventing the recurrence of hemorrhoids will require relieving the pressure and straining of constipation. Doctors will often recommend increasing fiber and fluids in the diet. Eating the right amount of fiber and drinking six to eight glasses of fluid (not alcohol) can result in softer, bulkier stools. A softer stool makes emptying the bowels easier and lessens the pressure on hemorrhoids caused by straining. Eliminating straining also helps prevent the hemorrhoids from protruding.
Good sources of fiber include:
- Vegetables, such as carrots and green vegetables
- Whole grains
In addition, doctors may suggest a bulk stool softener or a fiber supplement, such as psyllium (Metamucil®) or methylcellulose (Citrucel®).
One thing to avoid when trying to relieve constipation is any laxative other than a stool softener. Other laxatives frequently cause diarrhea, which can be just as rough on the hemorrhoidal veins as straining due to constipation.
Modifying Bowel Habits as Part of Treating Hemorrhoids
As part of managing hemorrhoids, it is also important to set aside a certain time each day to have an unhurried bowel movement without vigorous wiping or rubbing. Patting, using a soft, moist pad (or even rinsing in the shower), can be used as an alternative to wiping.
Also, make sure to avoid straining during any bowel movement or lingering on the toilet for long periods of time.
In some cases, treatment for hemorrhoids may include a procedure that involves the use of either an endoscope or surgery. These methods are used to shrink and destroy the hemorrhoidal tissue. The doctor will perform the procedure during an office or hospital visit.
A number of treatment methods may be used to remove or reduce the size of hemorrhoids. These techniques include:
- Rubber band ligation
- Infrared coagulation
(Click Hemorrhoid Surgery to learn more about this particular treatment option.)